Varanasi is a sacred city of India, stands as one out of the seven spiritual cities in India. It is known by so many names like ‘Banaras’, ‘Kashi’, ‘the city of temples, ‘the city of lights’, ‘the religious capital of India’, ‘the city of learning ’ and ‘the oldest living city on earth’. The Hindu believes that the one who die on the land of Varanasi brings deliverance and nirvana. Experience the history around 3000 years back, devotion to God, Indian arts & crafts, culture, philosophy, knowledge, and Renaissance.
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About – Varanasi – the oldest living city on earth
It is one, out of the seven spiritual cities in India, situated on the bank of the divine river Ganga. According to the Hindu believe this hallowed land of Lord Shiva and Parvati brings salvation if one who is graced to die here and there is a believe that the river Ganga washes away all the sins if one submersion in the water of the Ganga river.
History – Its history is too old that we can’t even imagine around 3000 years back or more than that. According to legends, the Varanasi was an abode of Lord Shiva and Parvati. According to the Hindu epic ‘Mahabharata’, the Pandavas was coming over here in the search of Lord Shiva to apologize for their sin. According to the facts and archaeological surveys, the history of Varanasi was 20th-century BC back. But, according to the early history, it was settled by the Aryans, In the 6th-century, Lord Buddha come over here and delivered his first sermon, After that from 1194 to around three centuries, it was under the Muslims and face its destructive phase. In 18th-century, the city brought back its glory and after independence in the year 1947, it became the part of Uttar Pradesh state.
Weather – The best time to visit Varanasi is Winter season, i.e. October-March, when the temperature lies between 5-15 degree Celsius.
Food – The popular food of Varanasi is its street food name, Kachori Sabji, Jalebi, Tamatar Chaat, Litti-Chokha, Lassi, Thandai, Rasagulla, Gulab Jamun, Aaloo Tikki, Chai in Kulhad, Laong Lata, Samosa, Bun Malai, Boondi, Malaiyyo, Mirchi Pakoda, Malaai Chenna Roll, and Paan.
Lifestyle –The people of Banaras are known for its spiritual and religious lifestyles, people are more in worshipping, the people are more involved in Vedic Philosophy, Literature, arts, crafts, music, and architecture.
Culture – Varanasi is called as the cultural capital of India, it has a unique traditional culture like arts and crafts, famous for silk and Banarasi sarees, ornaments, woodwork and much more.
Things To Do in Varanasi
Things to do in Varanasi are different from other cities, as it is a religious city so, most of the activities in Varanasi are related to spiritual and divine. Sacred, colourful and cultural are the world which better describes the beauty of Varanasi. Here, is the list of some top things to do in Varanasi are –
Boat Ride during dawn on Ganges river – Revel in the boat ride at the time of dawn is one of the amazing things to do in Varanasi. When the sky spreading various mesmerizing colors and the birds chirping around the ghats, all these views are panoramic and left you spellbound. At the same time, at the other side of the ghat you can experience to watching the burning dead bodies, according to the Hindu rituals that will be so awful to see.
Wash away your sins in Ganges – According to the legends, taking a dip in the sacred Ganges river will wash away all your sins and purify your soul. This is one of the MUST to do thing in Varanasi. Varanasi has around 84 ghats all stepped down in the Ganga river and all are used for taking a bath in the Ganga.
Offer prayer in the temples of Varanasi – Varanasi has numerous big and small temples, but there are some large ones which has their historical importance like Kashi Vishwanath Temple built in 1780, dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is also known as Golden Temple because two of its domes are made up of gold, the temple comprises Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva. Another one is the Durga Temple built in 18th-century devoted to Goddess Durga.
Evening Ganga Aarti Ceremony – Watching the evening Aarti ceremony at the Dasawamedh ghat is one of the spectacular experience. The Aarti ceremony is so glorious held according to the Hindu rituals, large brass lamps, sound of a hymn, flowers and the flame are offered to the holy river Ganga, and the crowd of people.
Visit Ramnagar Fort – Ramanagar fort is the best place to visit in Varanasi stands strongly on the bank of the river Ganga. This monotonous fort was constructed in the year 1750 by Raja Balwant Singh. The fort houses pavilions, courtyards, gardens, carved balconies, and palaces. The fort also has a museum which exhibits a collection of vintage cars, sedan chairs, swords & guns, elephant saddles, and gold & silver palanquins.
A visit to weavers village in Varanasi – Visit the Sarai Mohana village well known for its applauding weaving work of Banarasi sarees. The Banarasi Sarees are the finest sarees in India highly praised for its fine silk, zari work, mind blowing embroidery.
Sightseeing tour of Sarnath – Sarnath is one of the four holy places of Buddhists situated at a distance of around 12 Km from Varanasi. Sarnath is one of the most visited place near Varanasi comprises the pillar which is 128 feet high and 93 feet in diameter called Dharmekh Stupa, Mulagandhakuti Vihar, and the Ashoka Pillar.
Varanasi is attracted by a huge number of visitors every year. As, we know Varanasi is remarkable for its spiritual significance and for its bygone history as old as human civilization. According to the mythology and the archeology, the past history of Varanasi was 5000 years back or may be more than that. Varanasi is situated on the bank of the holy Gange river – the river of salvation. According to the Hindu mythology, the one who dies in the land of this divine Gange will get the liberation from the cycle of birth and death. There are numerous attractions to visit in Varanasi are –
Sights & Landmarks – Varanasi has several sights and landmarks to visit includes Dasaswamedh Ghat, Sarnath, Assi Ghat, New Vishwanath Temple, Manikarnika Ghat, Kashi Vishwanath Temple or Golden temple, Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, Durga Temple, Kedar Ghat, Tibetan Temple, Ramnagar Fort, Thai Temple, Shivala Ghat, Statue of Standing Buddha, Jantar Mantar, and much more.
Nature & Parks – There are some famous gardens and parks in Varanasi for nature lovers like the Garden of Spiritual Wisdom, and Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary.
Shopping – Varanasi offers its best range of products for shopping. Some of the famous places to shop in the city are The Bed Silk & Pashmina, Baba Black Sheep, Taal Music School, Mehrotra Silk Factory, Kriti gallery, Bhole Silk Handicrafts, Sunita Bead Shop, Ruchika Art Gallery, Handloom Silk House, and many more.
Museums – Varanasi has some museums which prevents the valuable things of the past, here is the list of some most visited museums in Varanasi are – Archaeological Amuseum, Kriti Gallery, Bharat Kala Bhavan, Maharaja Banaras Vidya Mandir Museum, Banaras Toy Museum, Pratibha Art Gallery, and Mehta Art Gallery.
Classes & Workshops – Varanasi also offers numerous classes and workshops like Cosmic Energy Centre, Varanasi Music Centre, and Susan’s Kitchen.
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